Enhanced in-plane ferroelectricity, antiferroelectricity, and unconventional 2D emergent fermions in quadruple-layer XSbO2 (X = Li, Na)
Author(s): Guan, S (Guan, Shan); Zhang, GBA (Zhang, GuangBiao); Liu, C (Liu, Chang)
Source: NANOSCALE DOI: 10.1039/d1nr06051a Early Access Date: NOV 2021
Abstract: Low-dimensional ferroelectricity and Dirac materials with protected band crossings are fascinating research subjects. Based on first-principles calculations, we predict the coexistence of spontaneous in-plane polarization and novel 2D emergent fermions in dynamically stable quadruple-layer (QL) XSbO2 (X = Li, Na). Depending on the different polarization configurations, QL-XSbO2 can exhibit unconventional inner-QL ferroelectricity and antiferroelectricity. Both ground states harbor robust ferroelectricity with enhanced spontaneous polarization of 0.56 nC m(-1) and 0.39 nC m(-1) for QL-LiSbO2 and QL-NaSbO2, respectively. Interestingly, the QL-LiSbO2 possesses two other metastable ferroelectric (FE) phases. The ground FE phase can be flexibly driven into one of the two metastable FE phases and then into the antiferroelectric (AFE) phase. During this phase transition, several types of 2D fermions emerge, for instance, hourglass hybrid and type-II Weyl loops in the ground FE phase, type-II Weyl fermionsin the metastable FE phase, and type-II Dirac fermions in the AFE phase. These 2D fermions are robust under spin-orbit coupling. Notably, two of these fermions, e.g., an hourglass hybrid or type-II Weyl loop, have not been observed before. Our findings identify QL-XSbO2 as a unique platform for studying 2D ferroelectricity relating to 2D emergent fermions.
Accession Number: WOS:000718550000001
PubMed ID: 34781325
Full Text: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2021/NR/D1NR06051A